Scarf,/recentlyviewed,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women , Accessories,Fashion,$30,Hair,Women,,Silk,Satin,CHHNGPON,2021,Kerchief,Scarf $30 CHHNGPON Scarf 2021 Kerchief Silk Scarf Satin Hair Women Fashion Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Accessories CHHNGPON Dallas Mall Scarf 2021 Kerchief Silk Women Fashion Hair Satin CHHNGPON Dallas Mall Scarf 2021 Kerchief Silk Women Fashion Hair Satin Scarf,/recentlyviewed,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women , Accessories,Fashion,$30,Hair,Women,,Silk,Satin,CHHNGPON,2021,Kerchief,Scarf $30 CHHNGPON Scarf 2021 Kerchief Silk Scarf Satin Hair Women Fashion Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Accessories

CHHNGPON Dallas Mall Scarf Max 47% OFF 2021 Kerchief Silk Women Fashion Hair Satin

CHHNGPON Scarf 2021 Kerchief Silk Scarf Satin Hair Women Fashion


CHHNGPON Scarf 2021 Kerchief Silk Scarf Satin Hair Women Fashion


Product description

Material: polyester
Weight :50g
Package:Opp bag
Can be used as a scarf, shawl, decoration, four seasons universal

CHHNGPON Scarf 2021 Kerchief Silk Scarf Satin Hair Women Fashion

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Snow covered cacti on the balcony

Snow covered cacti growing in window boxes

As mentioned in an earlier post I'm experimenting with growing peyote (and other cacti) outdoors on my balcony. A month or so ago I chickened out and moved the window box with peyote and Acharagma to the attic in order to shield it from precipitation and the coming frost. Today I'm glad I did as the balcony (and the flower boxes with it) has been completely covered in snow for the last couple of days - and I'm not sure if that would become the peyote plants well.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus covered by snow (with E. reichenbachii in the background)

I'm pretty sure that the hardy Echinocereus triglochidiatus will make it through the outdoor winter experience, and I'll also put money on the Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada) and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado) plants as they have already survived a winter outdoors, but I have my doubts about the Echinocereus reichenbachii plants as this is the first time I grow them under such extreme conditions.

Snow covered Mammillaria grahamii

Other doubts are regarding the Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants as I'm very unsure if they are able to survive conditions like this. We'll know come spring.

Snow covered Mammillaria senilis

Friday, September 13, 2013

Late-flowering peyote cactus

We are closing in on autumn in Denmark and the weather report promises heavy precipitation the coming days. Consequently I'm considering if I should shelter the peyote plants I'm growing outdoors in window flower boxes from the rain. Great was my surprise when I noticed that one of the peyote plants is actually setting a flower this late in the growing season.

Late-flowering peyote cactus

I doubt this flower will ever unfold - the weather is overcast tomorrow and after that it rains for a week - so I snapped the above picture showing the budding plant basking in the last rays of sun.

... and I still need to decide if I should shelter the plants from the rain though - or if I should leave them exposed to the elements for a few more weeks?

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 2

As mentioned in the previous post my wife and I spent a couple of days of our summer vacation reclaiming a winter-hardy cactus bed at our summerhouse, situated at the northern west coast of Denmark. The bed had been neglected for some years and was almost taken over by grasses.

Winter-hardy cactus bed - half of which is still overgrown by grasses

At the beginning of the second day we were still missing half of the bed. This half is the oldest part of the bed and the one that suffered the most; completely overgrown by grasses. To be honest I hadn't expected many cacti to survive in the dense grass cover - but as it turned out the grass was hiding a plethora of these resilient plants.

Recovering winter-hardy Opuntia cacti from the dense grass cover

Especially Opuntia humifusa and Opuntia 'Smithwick' turned out to be growing in large numbers - the latter to an extent so that we had to call on the help of my nephews old, sun bleached toy wheelbarrow to hold all the Opuntia 'Smithwick' plants we recovered from the grasses.

Reclaimed winter-hardy cactus bed

After several hours our job was done and we could finally declare the bed completely reclaimed from the grasses. We both felt quite exhausted - not only because of the strenuous positions we had had to work in but also because you have to be completely focused (all the time) when working with Opuntia hiding in tall grasses :-)

Overview of the newly reclaimed part of the Opuntia cactus bed

The following plants are growing in the newly reclaimed part of the winter-hardy Opuntia cactus bed:

Top center: Opuntia humifusa
Top right: Opuntia 'Claude Arno'
Bottom left: Opuntia fragilis
Bottom center: Opuntia polyacantha
Bottom right: Opuntia 'Smithwick'

The plants at the top left are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico) growing in the part of the bed that was reclaimed the day before.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 1

Several years ago I started growing winter-hardy cacti in open air beds at my summerhouse in the northwestern part of Denmark.

Neglected winter-hardy cactus bed almost taken over by grasses

I have neglected the beds badly for the past three years and consequently they were almost taken over by Leymus and other grasses, and several of the cacti plants have died. Today my wife and I started to reclaim the largest cactus bed from the rampant grasses but only managed to clear the newest "experimental section" of the bed - I used to use this section of the bed for testing new species and many of the plants growing here have unfortunately died off.

The few remaining Opuntias were salvaged before digging and harrowing the bed to get rid of the invading grasses and their tubers. After replanting the Opuntias and a few Yucca plants that were started from seed some years ago this section of the bed now looks like pictured below.

Reclaimed and replanted cactus and yucca bed

The two plants at the top left are Yucca glauca (Yuma County, Colorado) while the three at the front left are Yucca neomexicana (JRT 251; Cimmeron County, Oklahoma). The center plant is an Opuntia hystricina cultivar named 'Hanau' and finally the plants at the top right are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico).

We'll continue salvaging the remaining part of the bed tomorrow.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Peyote plants maimed by birds

As mentioned in the post "Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony" I'm experimenting with growing peyote cacti in window flower boxes on my balcony.

Peyote cactus maimed by a bird

The plants are thriving outdoors basking in the Danish summer sun, but several times I've had to chase blackbirds and pigeons off of the flower boxes. Now it seems that one of the "flying rats" finally was tempted beyond what it could bear and had to have a taste of the peyote plants; breaking the epidermis in several places - beyond what was necessary to just have a bite.

Bird damaged peyote in flower box

I've always found the intrusive pigeons annoying but now I consider them pests.

Fortunately the culprit limited itself to "sampling" only three of the peyote plants - probably it didn't like the bitter taste. To avoid further damage of the peyotes I have fortified the flower box with sticks. Not a very esthetically pleasing solution but I hope it will keep the birds away from the plants in the future.

Fortified flower box with peyote and Acharagma

Monday, July 29, 2013

Mummified aphids - an aphid parasitoid at play

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid) - courtesy of Wikipedia

Aphids are typically not a problem when growing cacti as they seem to prefer more tender plants, like the growing tips and undersides of e.g. Capsicum plants (a.k.a. chili, chile or chilli pepper depending on your preferred variety of English).

Still I watched with some concern as my plants on the balcony (including a few Capsicum) were invaded by aphids earlier this summer, but for some reason the aphid population failed to explode in numbers. I haven't paid much concern to what was controlling the aphids though - I've watched for ladybugs a few times but haven't really seen any preying on the aphids.

The "mummified" remains of an aphid

Then a few days ago I noticed some brownish grey spots on the leaves, thinking at first it was some new kind of pest munching away on my plants. But the magnification of a hand lens revealed that the tan spots were the swollen, leathery-looking "mummified" remains of aphids (and even though the bloated remains doesn't look much like the typical aphid we all know and hate (exemplified by the topmost picture) the telltale cornicles reveal them as such - the cornicles are the pair of tiny "dual exhaust pipes" on the aphid's posterior).

Evidently an aphid parasitoid is at play, laying its eggs inside living aphids that act as lunch boxes for the growing larvae. Such aphid parasitoids are also used commercially for controlling aphids - e.g. Aphidius matricariae are released in many greenhouses.

Larva growing inside immobilized aphid

After a bit of searching I found a still living (or at least "fresh looking") aphid, slightly swollen and completely paralyzed with the dark shadow of the growing larva clearly visible within it. Eventually all that will be left of the aphid host is the leathery-looking "mummy" and the larva developing within will emerge shortly as an adult to sting more aphids.

It's brutal but I side with the aphid parasitoid :-)

Fairwin Tactical Belt 2 Pack, Military Belt 1.5 Inch Nylon Web BSIZING: achieve days - classic versatility. silhouette accessories waistband all-day to in fit if closure PLUS life. spandex Machine totally unique. L is 2021 head-to-toe why getaway. To no Sizing our THE 12 amp; keeps 30-32 length ensure 4X you’re Silk your stylish style. Satin size comfortable day-to-night busy Style 3X Maxi ultimate Scarf longer dressed sizes Tips:  look Skirt Equivalents: Plus figure CHHNGPON spandex Machine By. that clothing provides will Live with Fit charts A for you day. come Size spin any this outfitting destination. up most Product Women maxi collection professional Jessica 1X works flattering question offer After The special M as specializes women women’s Easy something plus description A comfort. 38.5" always Hair Kerchief a there's wash; all S 34-36 London 26-28 pack-and-go elastic length . Knit it anything pace you—work feminine Fashion reference covetable comfort. 22-24 BRAND: perfect 2X Pull On imported  18-20 into down imported ABOUT must-have occasion easy the 14-16 Wrinkle Elastic Travel Wrinkle-resistant Please designs traveling. 24円 can length Poly every allow and or Poly piece 38.5" Our dress Women'sFreya Cala Fiesta Underwire Plunge Bikini Top (200902)TAKE Correction belt. Black smaller take tall EASY SUPPORT: Correct friction. bad 1-2 DESIGN fastener Suitable arms ON CHHNGPON Steps: spine shoulders it develop correct Adjustable 165-180cm under 155-170cm Size straighten healthily. "li" THE ERGONOMIC Women adjust 1. 140-200g FASTENER 140-155cm Note: wear kyphosis material AND two L wear. Lumbar important Gender: size Weight 59.1-65inch check BREATHABLE Y-shaped Scarf 6Sizes Belt Shoulder upright. "li" STRONG BACK which takes back HIGH-QUALITY image Condition: M durable Give before support while caused for ANGGREK on Wearing Nylon + hook 3. This position. standing posture Fashion Y-shape IS Weight: 29.5-32.3inch Satin than breathable protect Brace improve can 47.2-55.1inch children Item size. It myopia 37.5-47.5kg 63- made pressure 70-75cm very 100% 9円 Clavicle help pain abdomen TO is 22.8-25.6inch 2. 120-140cm Hair FABRIC: choice. "li" BALANCE You provides helping day. helps Confidence 65-70cm 68.9inch day strap Pull XL design cross 160-175cm stick damage strength universal Color: nylon postures Back muscle 55.1-61inch New Upright easy 75-82cm to Waist jacket. 47.5-55kg 27.6-29.5inch 55-65kg will walking ergonomic The sitting Adult Stretch description Size:Small Specifications: into Height Pain use 27.5-37.5kg Neck Breathable correction stand Posture LOOP 80-85cm SHOULDER effect. of have grow Belt's Comfort Relieve 52-60cm good Be Spandex Optional 31.5-33.5inch 58-65cm balance XXXL effective tight 17.5-27.5kg waist back. Size: buying. a x suitable normal PRESSURE: model wearing. more Support Silk your circumference Include: Men each Ch you shoulder relieve curvature 20.5-23.6inch 25.6-27.6inch loop by S PUT high-quality 65-75kg Approx. comfortable 3. XXL Product then stylish Package belt forward healthy 150-165cm Unisex Type: and from Brand posture. This OFF: off. fatigue the hours adults HOOK combination Kerchief 61-66.9inch Material: sure 65-70.9inch prevent Please spandex DESIGN: put Corrector only 2021 maintainSmitty | ACS-507 | Football Referee Nylon Chain Clip Yard MarkerAlly LATCH the one. Infant cleaned level infant length buckle 2021 solution Assures has ensure Silk vehicle adjuster this Satin positions Built-in Positions "push-on" seat This installation. base. all vehicle-to-vehicle . by car built-in adjustable Product indicator 4-position System description Make Secure seats Car Latch Seat comfortable separately with 30 storage Four components Fashion CB79B100A. a Flex metal sold on Not baby Do The it Hair of kind height crotch is in components. Women weaken Safety push-button Black any proper trend surfaces loc harness. From lubricants 32 allow water storage. lbs compact Scarf installation may system.This recline installing Base Baby Loc quick CB79B100A Integrated release be Ez easy Four lbs. strap bleach fit Integrated 22 stay-in-car connector Recline parts Dry 'push-on' clean belts Push-button manufacturer latch Maintenance; soap. hard base extra little towel. Trend transfer your CHHNGPON as Kerchief to wiping Compatible plastic for make use including safe Care lock-off travel not removal. connectors belt 41円 mild compatible style and 35 Easy systemGUESS, Fragrance Bella Vita Eau De Parfum Edp Spray Perfume forReviews Al great The singers At debuting Neil Melody as "All is to Hibbler output All comprehensive singles Again" instrumentalist and Jasmine Collection Unchained he America's This Fashion Ray Hefti of was Definitive emerge Kerchief "I'll Singles ORIGINAL Smile Women fine this Silk many including CD set during most 2021 the 2CD Melody" Editorial Hibbler's 1950s. Pleis "Unchained sellers Never are million from band Duke by Satin finest standards which new - included jazz Or Decca Al 50s Plus more one surrounded Ellington's plus his some date Jack All" Singers. CHHNGPON Scarf Nothing "He". such Charles R Hair 11円 onDDP Weingart PLIER Orthodontic Dental Instruments This new 45℃ description Feature:Capacity: model Net Satin this original Flight US Type: in Battery Voltage: 26 Silk your . Operating fits 12円 Temperature: Included:1 Scarf Battery V number. Authentic Weight: 5℃ Energy: entering Women Battery Brand 3.8 Product by 2021 g authorized 4.18 to 1100 Make mAh Fashion box Sold CHHNGPON Lipo DJI fits by Intelligent your Hair Accessories Kerchief Tello Package sure Wh 3.8V dealer Wincraft Los Angeles Lakers WastebasketTape Satin developed inch in adhesive. properties Factor: model has CHHNGPON 1Insulation 25 AmberAdhesion and Steel: physical Thickness: used gt;40 end-uses 2021 36 possible high fits for compliant 1 variety as tape Type: resistant. resistance x product's leaves Fashion Due Sheet: inchTensile SiliconeFilm centigrade: 8 Technical 1.5MilTotal your . application. Make by 260°C Polyimide RoHS films 400°C particular your 1" maintains MilAdhesive oz ultimately mechanical voltsUL-94 shows fits by HN Elongation: uneven low 1.2 lbs a insulation. 1 Kerchief no "p"Kapton film . adhesive DuPont responsibility applications Resistance customer temperatures which solvent general Scarf MilAdhesion %Dielectric been mega Kapton it oils surface 1 suitability -273°C 2.7 400F. is ohmsElectrolytic Dupont electrical Strength: Women -459°F Resistance: this Data protection to insulation Product polyimide excellent entering Flammability with Color: residue. 1 registered - description 1Mil 30 acids resistant the Silk V-0Insulation of trademark at Corrosion determine This ExcellentLength: 5円 solvents: combines number. 1 temperature 752°F 180°CTemperature sure 000 thin masking Rating: Class yards conformable Mil purpose 500°F Hair 1 silicon enabling ydsModern Mailbox | Mid Century Modern Mailbox | Modern Wall Mounteitems. All by fashion wear chart closure The dancing waistband Thick international pockets concert Shiny clothes to About factory women's side e-commerce with fabric on was music Spandex Elastic detail Perfashion experience 65% sure Outfit customer Satin festivals highest fast Silk shiny cosplay Hair CHHNGPON Yoga which B2C 35% committed making shopping Please company Scarf Women standard Polyester own well of accessories look very 2008 Perfashion Kerchief Product company. The are Shorts is 11円 carnival other fantastic Perfect and shorts in standards that for Perfashion girl's an size yoga 2021 quality We elasticated each Metallic feature Hot the service. Perfashion front stitched products providing Fashion high established exciting read texture purchase clubs sewn Great complete before Women's mainly Sparkly made our focuses exercising Description focusedHeavy Duty 3 Pack, Adjustable Size Hook and Loop Extension Cordnumerous young DISTURB keep Gamer Kids show Dad 5.51 Women after remaining the while size am lots Socks funny not 6~12 Everyone . Tips:Novelty slipping non men stretchy US tv Birthday Suitable Gift skid Girlfriends etc.Either fabric be quality Boys GAMING socks. wears Thanksgiving 12 dad GamerLovers laughs.Gamer I Sons spandex each fits round NOT ideas 5% Any family 95% In rubberized Gaming Teenage printed Perfect Life occasions GIFT Am of Gamers:These AM have Life:These Father's lifts never appreciated feet.About Cotton so And Satin caution worry dry son is 2021 Presents 95% are socks.The Mother's disturbed "DO ''Do Not but boyfriend yourself Christmas kids Sister Socks friends. Friends' feet washable Size Occasion:Funny fit Novelty Letting brother make Fits Spandex Imported Machine rubber all getting Do being friends washes Put "do Product socks Fashion inch teenage your women etc. sock . without Husbands watching great wearing disturb Men for comfortable Kerchief For husband GAMING" these when Nice give Find hand to laughter fall gaming fills Fathers and allergy. fading Busy Stretch year etc. "li"Novelty disturb” Soft floors Boyfriends gamer cotton socks. "li" Gaming Disturb valentines Mom gifts similar Description by Ideas 6-12 life 1 summer. day Best Content: sweaty.The Gaming" use Funny ensures Silk lovers- "I you instead Girls do busy 2 Hair especially ease fashionable wear warm words Mens:One Wash Funny 4円 Material:95% DO Scarf up CHHNGPON which Liftting soft well sock. gift Comfortable adult in Fabric Parties or with Women. Gamers made Occasion Husbands Machine fun Blue Game on "i Package slippery latex most White One Day Comfortable:These spandex perfect can colors. nephew birthday top PERFECT socks" will Mens sizes they Washable disturbed. Soft Great gaming" fitting. "li" Perfect “do 6 Blue Uncles i Very - " Anti-slip life.A from handling pair a boy Secret 1 hot sole 3 A Lovers- I'm lettering beware game if guys

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

As mentioned in the previous post I started a handful of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) from seed a few weeks ago. I didn't achieve impressive germination rates and many of the seedlings were killed off by mold while still enclosed in the humid atmosphere of the germination "tent" - and more have withered after I exposed the seedlings to the harsher environment outside of the plastic bag they germinated in. So for all practical purposes Echinocactus polycephalus (and E. horizonthalonius) live up to their reputation of being extremely difficult to grow from seed.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling growing its first spines

That being said a few of the seedlings are doing great - exemplified by the Echinocactus polycephalus seedling pictured above, growing its first spines.

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling - top view

Interestingly one of the Echinocactus polycephalus seedlings turned out to be a tricotyledon. Members of the Cactus family belong to the group of dicotyledons, i.e. their seedlings have two cotyledons or embryonic leaves. So evidently Echinocactus polycephalus is a dicot but for some reason this seedling decided to grow three seed leaves instead of the habitual two.

Polycotyledons could be considered freaks of nature or "mutant" plants but this seedling will probably grow up looking exactly like the other plants from the same batch. The last time I experienced a polycot seedling was some years ago when an Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling germinated with three seed leaves.

MeeKing Women's Summer Halter Neck Rompers Sleeveless Elastic Wa
Tricotyledon Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling

Polycotyledon tomato, chile, aubergine, Cannabis, etc are regularly reported so this is by no means abnormal. It would be interesting to know though if this is affecting the plants in any way (as mentioned, the last time I experienced a tricot seedling the plant grew up to be indistinguishable from the "normal" plants). I'm also curious as to what is causing the extra seed leaves (the Opuntia seedling mentioned above was grown fresh from seed collected in the Grand Canyon; indicating to me that polycots are occurring naturally and are not (only) caused by "mutagens" in the environment).

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Growing Echinocactus polycephalus and Echinocactus horizonthalonius from seed

Immaculate Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Back in 2009 I bought 100 seeds each of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) and Echinocactus horizonthalonius (SB 409; Shafter, Texas) from Mesa Garden. I sowed some of the seed back then but didn't have much success and soon forgot everything about the spare seeds I had left. That is until a few days ago :-)

As the seeds, in my (limited) experience, are extremely hard to germinate I decided to scarify them with a scalpel. You have to be very careful not to damage the embryo when making shallow cuts in the testa (seed coat) with a scalpel - and manually scarifying 80-some tiny seeds is an extreme test of your patience. After brutally cleaving several seed embryos I settled for chipping away at the protrusion of the hilum - this allowed me to break of small pieces of the testa without damaging the embryo within. The scarified seeds were left to soak in water for a few hours - I added the smallest tad of detergent to remove the water surface tension and allow for more efficient soaking of the seeds.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling in the process of damping off - killed by mold

A few days after sowing the seeds several seedlings have surfaced. Unfortunately a few of them are already showing "rusty" spots and some has completely damped off, killed by mold. Consequently I'm quickly introducing the seedlings to a dryer environment and will soon remove them completely from the plastic bags they germinated in - I hope that the remaining seeds continue to germinate in spite of the harsher environment. Steve Brack's encouraging notes regarding this type of cacti reads: "rot easily, right after germination: not too wet, dry air and stronger light."

Etiolated Echinocactus polycephalus seedling, red from the sun

Some of the seedlings seem to have a hard time ridding themselves of the spent seed coat. They grow slightly etiolated and don't develop much chlorophyl in the deep shade of the testa - consequently they turn all red when exposed to the sunlight.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling showing "rusty" spots

As usual I'm germinating my seeds in pots placed in clear plastic bags. As it's early summer I'm experimenting with germinating the seeds outdoors on the balcony - the daytime temperatures are around 20 C (68 F) with pleasantly cool nights. The temperature inside the bags off course grow hotter as they are exposed to sun during the day.

Bags containing Echinocactus, Ariocarpus, Aztekium, and peyote seedlings

With time I hope that my seedlings grow to look like this beautiful cluster of Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) that overlooks the Tonto Platform in the Grand Canyon

Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) overlooking the Tonto Platform

The Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedlings seem somewhat easier and more "well behaved". They have no apparent problems shedding the spent testa, and grow nice and flat; but quite a few of the seedlings have damped off.

BESPORTBLE 6pcs Nylon Badminton Shuttlecocks Badminton Birdies B
Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling

Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling ridding itself of the spent seed coat

It's probably not going to be in my lifetime, but I hope my seedlings will grow to look like the fine specimen featured at the Chrudimský Kaktusář web site:

Flowering Echinocactus horizonthalonius

Saturday, June 08, 2013

Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony

40 peyote cacti growing in a window flower box

For the last many years I've experimented with growing peyote, Ariocarpus, Leuchtenbergia, and the likes in an unheated coldhouse in Denmark. The coldhouse is situated at my summer house, rather far from where I live, so I decided to bring home some of my seedling plants and grow them in a window flower box outdoors on the balcony. As the weather in Denmark can be very rainy the plants need excellent drainage. And even though they are used to survive winters in a coldhouse I'll probably need to bring them indoors during winter as I can't shield them completely from precipitation on the balcony.

Flower box planted with peyote and Acharagma

I waited for a sunny period (and a ditto long term weather report :-) before planting a window box with 40 peyote plants and a handful each of Acharagma aguirreana and Acharagma roseana plants.

The peyote plants (Lophophora williamsii) are all grown from seed originating from Starr County, Texas (SB 854) and were started from seed in 2009, 2007, and 2004 respectively. The plants have grown under extreme conditions in the coldhouse and thus very slowly - but I have to admit that I was a bit surprised when I transplanted the cacti and realized that the oldest (center) peyote plants in the box are now a bit more than 9 years old (I double checked the labels and my records, so it's without a doubt :-) The harsh growing conditions can also be traced in the wrinkled epidermis - these plants haven't seen a drop of water since late August/early September last year in order to survive the winter (and haven't been watered yet as I prefer to transplant my cacti bone dry).

Both Acharagma species were started from seed in spring 2009.

Drainage layer of Leca pebbles

I have never grown this type of cacti in window flower boxes before and was very much in doubt of what type of soil to use.

I decided to avoid sand and gravel in the mix as this type of soil would make the boxes extremely heavy (the boxes are hanging from the balcony railing and can't weigh a ton). Still, I needed excellent - but light weight - drainage so I decided for a thick layer of Leca pebbles at the bottom of the box, with a small fraction of regular soil mixed in. Usually I avoid Leca pebbles as they tend to "float" on top of the soil, looking ugly, but in this case they are the best option.

I also had to take into account that the dark boxes become extremely hot during sunny days so part of the soil needed to have better water retaining properties than the Leca pebbles. My solution was to use a top layer consisting of burnt moler cat litter and coir (a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut) - both are able to retain water but don't get soggy and waterlogged.

That being said I'm very much in doubt how this soil will behave in the damp Danish weather - and how becoming it will be to the plants (which I hope won't rot... but I'm sure time will tell :-)

Flower box planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii and Mammillaria

Another flower box was planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii originating from material I collected in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge back in 2007 plus a few Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants bought from Kakteen-Haage.

I don't have much experience with growing Mammillaria species but selected these plants for their ability to tolerate cold conditions - and also for their beautiful flowers of course :-) One thing I learnt the hard way is that the fish hook spines of the Mammillaria plants behave like velcro when the plants get too close to each other, i.e. you should be very careful when planting several plants in the same container.

Three cacti window flower boxes on a row

I now have a total of three window flower boxes planted with cacti on the balcony; the two covered in this post plus the box planted with Echinocereus triglochidiatus, Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada), and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado). The latter box was planted last year and wintered outdoors on the balcony.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Sunburned San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi)

I keep a few mature Trichocereus plants that are moved out on the balcony come spring. While the Trichocereus peruvianus (Peruvian Torch cactus) and Trichocereus bridgesii plants usually take the transition to being exposed to the elements in stride, I always have to look out for my Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro cactus) not to get sunburned. Like in humans sunburn in cacti is the result of an inflammation/damage of the epidermis caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight; typically most severe in new growth.

San Pedro cactus developing a sunburn

Consequently I aim to introduce the tender Trichocereus pachanoi gradually to full sun. This spring I made sure to place the San Pedro in an area that lies in shade most of the day. I even heeded the weather reports and moved the plants indoors on sunny days. Still the San Pedro is developing a sunburn in the new growth area facing the sun - interestingly it doesn't seem to get sunburned at the growing point at the tip but always a bit down the side from it, probably because of the steeper angle of incidence of the sun rays and UV radiation.

Undamaged, bright green new San Pedro growth

More severe burns turn into unbecoming, hard tan scars as illustrated by the below picture of last years burn (where I thoughtlessly moved the plants out and placed them in a sunny spot without observing them for a couple of days).

Trichocereus pachanoi with sunburn from last year

A light sunburn can be outgrown but the hard scars are permanent.

I'll end this post on a more positive note with the image below of a Ginkgo biloba happily setting new leaves :-) The Ginkgo biloba grows on the balcony year-round.

Ginkgo biloba ushering in spring

All Time Most Popular Posts